Thursday, August 27, 2020

Participant Observation of City Cultures Essay Example

Member Observation of City Cultures Essay Ethnography has become an extremely mainstream way to deal with social exploration, close by different sorts of subjective work. It is the investigation of a lifestyle and was presented by anthropologists who contemplated negligible or disconnected societies, for example, the investigation of Trobriand Islands by Bronislaw Malinowski. Anthropologists trusted it to be crucial to get as close as conceivable to the social orders they were researching; henceforth, ethnography looks somewhat like the standard manners by which individuals comprehend the world in regular day to day existence. A few specialists see this as it essential quality; others consider it to be a crucial shortcoming. Member perception is a methods for social event data; it permits the specialist to encounter the way of life under assessment. It is an exploration method that has been adjusted to meet the necessities of sociologists and is utilized every now and again to increase nitty gritty subjective outcomes. In its generally trademark, structure it includes the ethnographer taking an interest, unmistakably or secretly, in people groups day by day lives for an all-encompassing timeframe and gathering any information that worries subject of the examination. In plain perception, scientists proclaim their actual character and reason while an incognito member eyewitness is covered up or camouflaged. A few specialists contend that clear perception is the most ideal path since it stays away from cooperation in improper or unlawful conduct. Moreover, the examiner can uninhibitedly pose inquiries without stimulating doubt. In any case, being open in an examination may influence the conduct of the membe rs as they may turn out to be increasingly hesitant. Consequently, clandestine perception is less inclined to disturb the circumstance being seen since the specialist seems, by all accounts, to be another individual from the gathering, for instance, a specific analyst, William Chambliss, needed to keep up mystery when leading an investigation of a sorted out wrongdoing; if his actual character was uncovered the wrongdoing may have been forestalled. In any case, this inquiries the ethnicity of the investigation since educated assent isn't given. In either case, perception can function admirably in circumstances where there is no pre-chosen test populace and where the conduct being referred to is covered up or freak. We will compose a custom exposition test on Participant Observation of City Cultures explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Participant Observation of City Cultures explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on Participant Observation of City Cultures explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Ethnography intends to reveal insight into the implications and aims behind social conduct. In this examination I wish to consider the Piccadilly train station which is situated in the Manchester downtown area. I have picked this urban space since it is a spot which relying upon what day and time I pick, can be a bustling domain which could contain dynamic and dynamic members. I have chosen to complete my investigation on a Friday evening for 60 minutes, as this would be an active time in the train station; the two understudies and utilized grown-ups might be going back home. Besides, it is a sheltered domain wherein I can stay disguised since I wish to complete a secretive perception. I will consider the primary hall of the train station as a site for social request. For instance, how much are youth subcultures a type of protection from the financial conditions of youthful common laborers individuals? Since it is an open space for social characters to meet, join or even collide, I w ish to see whether this member perception uncovers societies of negligible or degenerate gatherings. Aftereffect of perception Train stations are a regular angle in numerous people groups lives and since I did my examination on a Friday evening at around seven oclock, it was an active time. The train station is a type of open assistance and is open and accessible to any individual who is wishing to travel; it isn't strictly or instructively bound in any capacity. Piccadilly train station is a huge station; it contains different high road stores, general stores, food places and bars. In any case, I was watching the genuine train zone, so as far as association, members spoke with those they knew. Aside from that, members associated with staff individuals when buying tickets or making enquiries. Transcendently, I distinguished two primary classifications in which my members fell into; there were an enormous number of understudies and furthermore many working grown-ups. Any kids present appeared to be joined by grown-ups. Numerous understudies were on the own however there were likewise little gatherings of them. While sitting tight in lines or for the trains, I saw that a great deal of understudies utilized their telephones; in the event that they were not occupied with calls, they were most likely simply perusing or text informing. It appeared as they rushed to get exhausted while the majority of the grown-ups were content with the pausing. I likewise saw that more females, especially the working grown-ups were conveying books and magazines, probably for their excursions; nonetheless, I didn't perceive any guys holding any understanding material. There were social jobs noticeable in the train station. I saw a progression of activities that a large portion of the members appeared to be following. I found that when members entered the station, the greater part of them went to the enormous screens to see the apportioned train times. This territory was additionally a gathering point for a great deal of the gatherings of understudies. Next, members would buy their tickets; the majority of them proceeded to join long lines, few would head toward the buying machines yet this was very uncommon. There were two lines, one for the individuals who were going on that day, and one for future ventures. Both were long, the previous line being altogether longer than the last mentioned. At long last, members either got their trains or sat tight for their appearances. A few members invested their energy holding up by going into the grocery stores or getting food, one gathering of understudies went to the bar, however most of members held up in the holding up zone. The general standards of conduct in the station were ordinary perspectives, for example, lining and the general graciousness systems in discussion among members and staff individuals. Since it was occupied in the station around then, numerous individuals were hurrying which made members push by one another, along these lines visit conciliatory sentiments were made despite the fact that there was an episode when a male member unintentionally pushed by an old female member, almost thumping her over and didn't stop to apologize. This was seen by different members too and remarks were being made on how that was discourteous. This was the principal type of aberrance I saw in this investigation. Another event where the standard of conduct was abused was when two youthful female members astutely drove into the line. This was seen by the female member they pushed before, however she stayed calm despite the fact that it appeared to trouble her. A last episode happened when a huge gathering of members both male and female, apparently understudies, turned out to be fairly noisy in the primary anteroom of the station; they pulled in a great deal of consideration from different members. They started to disturb the open group as they were getting rambunctious, in the long run security watches advised them to quieten down or leave; they left soon after. End When assuming my job as an eyewitness, I was very positive about what I was doing. I was not disturbing anybody and I didn't associate with anybody whenever during the examination. Since nature I was in was incredibly occupied and a large portion of the members were hurrying around the region, I was not seen by anybody; I had the option to mix in with the earth I was in. While thinking about my outcomes, certain inquiries with respect to whether this record of conduct is viewed as legitimate, or whether another specialist would watch the action similarly. This prompts numerous methodological issues with this perception. This procedure of examination is one that is subject to the job and position onlooker receives while watching. The individuals who utilize a member technique could exaggerate their job and influence the gatherings conduct. There is likewise the danger of going local where they become progressively a full individual from the gathering and less an onlooker. In this way, legitimate translation is a critical prerequisite to empower great observational human science. A specific specialist, Stanley (1990) has expressed: the venture which drives the composition of ethnography is not the same as that which drives the doing of public activity. Ethnographic depiction is really not, and can't be, strict description.1 Subsequently, observational examinations may not be totally liberated from biasing impacts and the legitimacy of this investigation can be addressed. Gilbert and Mulkay (1984) contend that: nobody translation of social activity can be better than another whatever technique is utilized to record or watch it since every single social activity have various implications, each made by and subject to the intuitive setting in which it is constructed.2 Consequently, this considers my investigation and its outcomes were interesting in their own right. On the other hand, a few specialists, particularly the individuals who bolster the utilization of positivist strategies may see member perception as informal since the discoveries can't be checked in light of the fact that the examination can't be repeated; some may see it as an emotional exploration technique instead of a goal one. Moreover, moral issues emerge since no educated assent was given, as this investigation was an incognito perception. With respect to freak conduct and minimization, there was one central gathering that disrupted the guidelines of the standards of conduct. This may have been on the grounds that the members were in a gathering thus felt they had the ability to appear as something else; solidarity between the members in the gathering added to their certainty and may have give

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Mental Health Begins in Early Childhood

Psychological wellness Begins in Early Childhood Kids mental advancement implies the progressions that occur as a youth creates and makes in association with being truly strong, objectively alert, earnestly solid, socially skilful and arranged to learn. The underlying five years of a youths life are on a fundamental level principal. They are the foundation that shapes youngsters future wellbeing, joy, advancement and learning achievement at school, in the family and gathering, and in life with everything taken into account. The exploration certifies that the underlying five years are particularly fundamental for the advancement of the children’s mind, and the underlying three years are the most segregating in trim the youths cerebrum basic building. Early experiences give the base to the brains various leveled improvement and working all through life. They immediaty affect how youths make learning capacities and social and energetic limits. The goal of this paper is to explain why many individuals unbalanced issues for society, stretching out from the mistake to complete auxiliary school to detainment to vagrancy, could be radically diminished if thought were paid to upgrading kids environmental factors and encounters that experiences the issue and their answers that ascents ahead throughout everyday life. Kids take in more quickly in the midst of their underlying years than at whatever other time throughout everyday life. They need love and supporting to make a sentiment of trust and security that changes into sureness as they create. Youngsters create, learn and make immediately when they get warmth and love, thought, support and mental prompting, and what's more nutritious and extraordinary human administrations (honkoff, 2014). Understanding the periods of kid mental turn of events and improvement assists people with grasping whats coming up and how to best sponsorship the adolescent as she or he creates and makes. In various settings, early immaturity ventures help people and their kids from the most punctual stages through age 8, which consolidates the fundamental move from home to class. All youths reserve the privilege to be raised in a family and to have passage to quality clinical administrations, incredible food, guidance, play and protection from harm, abuse and isolation (honkoff, 2014). Kids reserve the privilege to encounter youth in a situation wherein they are engaged to accomplish their most extreme limit throughout everyday life. It is the commitment of people, diverse parental figures and family members, gatherings, regular society and governments to ensure that these rights are respected, made sure about and fulfilled. Sound psychological well-being gives a key foundation of robustness that sponsorships every single distinctive piece of human advancement from the encircling of connections and the ability to adjust to setback to the achievement of accomplishment in school, work, and gathering life. Like the manner in which a shaky table may not limit well if the floor is lopsided, the legs are not balanced, or the tabletop isn't level, the destabilizing results of issues in psychological well-being could be made by various related segments. Essentially as meager wobbles in a table can get the chance to be more prominent and harder to change about the climate, the feasible organization of psychological well-being worries in childrens youth requires early unmistakable verification of the reasons and fitting respect for their source, regardless of whether they abide in nature, the kid, or (practically once in a while) in both. This report from the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child plo ts in clear vernacular why perceiving how excited thriving may be strengthened or vexed in front of timetable youth can assist policymakers with pushing the sorts of circumstances and experiences that thwart issues and quick early difficulties so they dont destabilize the developmental strategy. This report mirrors an improvement understanding that the traditional degree and gathering approach for instructive program with its weight on drill and practice of segregated, educational aptitudes doesn't reflect current data of human learning and fails to convey understudies who have the kind of higher-demand instinct and basic reasoning limits that will be required in the 21st century. Past accomplishment in upgrading basic aptitudes in the 3 Rs has not been coordinated by achievement in improving examining thankfulness, arrangement recognition, or math basic reasoning capacity. Moreover, it is clear that our schools are fail to convey future periods with even a working data of the trademark, physical, and sociologies, significantly less the sorts of minds that will make new learning in these areas. Especially, these national affiliations call for instructing to put progressively unmistakable complement on: dynamic learning reasonable finding that prompts seeing close by the acquirement of central capacities significant, significant learning experiences intelligent appearing and accommodating learning a wide extent of significant substance, consolidated across over standard point divisions Meanwhile, these national affiliations all things considered examine redundancy maintenance, bore and practice on separated academic aptitudes, instructor address, and dull seatwork. These national affiliations similarly have raised stresses over the negative effects of customary schedules for appraisal, particularly systematized paper-and-pencil, different choice achievement tests. There is extending recognition that instructive program change must be joined by testing change. National affiliations are at present calling for more execution based evaluations that change in accordance with current viewpoints of instructive module and even more exactly reflect youths Youth psychological well-being is equivalent to strong social and energetic advancement in adolescence, including things like making sense of how to communicate and coordinate emotions, surrounding close and secure individual associations, and exploring and inquiring about the earth. So why dont we call it youth social and enthusiastic improvement? Other than that being a lot of a sizable lump, the vernacular of emotional well-being is fundamental not only for its informational regard in battling disgrace against psychological well-being issues, also for its comprehended update that if we dont do our occupation with neutralizing activity with childrens youth, their issues may require progressively veritable interventions at some point not far off. We truly need them to make incredible emotional well-being in the nice sentiment of that term. References honkoff, J.P. (2014). A Healthy Start Before and After Birth: Applying the Biology of Adversity to Build the Capabilities of Caregivers. In K. McCartney, H. Yoshikawa, L.B. Forcier (Eds.), Improving the Odds for America’s Children (pp. 28-39).

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive Improve Yourself Keep Learning

Blog Archive Improve Yourself Keep Learning In this blog series, our mbaMission  Career Coaches  offer invaluable advice and industry-related news to help you actively manage your career. Topics include building your network, learning from mistakes and setbacks, perfecting your written communication, and mastering even the toughest interviews. To schedule a free half-hour consultation with one of our mbaMission Career Coaches,  click here. If you are looking for ways to grow and challenge yourself or develop your knowledge on a specific topic but are short on time, career developmentâ€"focused podcasts are a great resource. Here are some of our current favorites: TED: WorkLife with Adam Grant: Organizational psychologist Adam Grant takes you inside unconventional workplaces to explore the ideas we can all use to make work more meaningful and creative. NPR’s How I Built This with Guy Raz: Learn the stories behind some of the world’s best known companies by listening to innovators, entrepreneurs, and idealists share their experiences. HBR IdeaCast: Harvard Business Review’s executive editor, Sarah Green Carmichael, hosts this podcast, which features leading thinkers in business and management. Learn Educate Discover: Learn about different careers, what each is all about, and how to be a relevant candidate. Pivot Podcast with Jenny Blake: A former Google career coach interviews experts on how they stay agile in a rapidly shifting workforce.   We recommend you also seek out and listen to the podcasts of key influencers in your target market.   Finally, as you engage with leaders in your target marketplace, show your curiosity and engagement by keeping abreast of the top business news using an app like Flipboard, which is an easy and time-efficient way to see curated content and stay informed. What are your favorite career-related podcasts? Email us your suggestions at We will take a listen and share them with our readers.     Have you been admitted to business school? If so, do you want to get a head start on defining your career goals? Do you need help preparing for job interviews or learning how to effectively network with your target employers? Or maybe you want to be a top performer in your current role but are unsure how to maximize your potential. Let an mbaMission Career Coach help via a  free 30-minute consultation! Share ThisTweet Career Advice

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Personal Privacy in the Information Age - 1784 Words

Professor Kiehn English 302 3 October 2013 Personal Privacy in the Information Age Some of the most contentious and recurrent argumentative dialogues regarding civil liberties stem from what seems at face value, like a relatively elementary idea the notion of personal privacy. This debate could never be more relevant than in present day society, where globalization and advanced communications technologies have synergized to form a ubiquitous digital library of shared information. The specific example of the delicate balance between personal privacy and national security here in the United States has only further convoluted the issue the debate of whether and to what caliber citizens have privacy rights is hotly contested. As technology†¦show more content†¦Approximately 6 in 10 individuals disapproved of the governments collection of U.S. citizens phone records however around 75 of those polled agreed it was admissible to track the phone records of citizens suspected of te rrorist activity. In a poll conducted in April, shortly after the Boston Marathon bombings, results showed only 20 of individuals believed the government had exceeded the balance of intrusion and privacy, with 26 saying they hadnt done enough to maintain national security, and approximately 44 saying their was an adequate balance. Furthermore, approximately 6 in 10 individuals were not particularly concerned with government collection of their phone records and internet monitoring, with the other 4 being somewhat or very concerned (Kopicki). The results from these polls suggest American opinion on the matter is correlated more to occurrence of perceived terrorist threats, less so than concerns of personal privacy there is a new attitudinal awareness, and perhaps reluctant acceptance, of the omnipresence of electronic surveillance. Claiming an inherent right to privacy regarding electronic communications through constitutional evidence necessitates examination of the legalese regard ing such issues. There is no actual constitutional amendment that is dedicated to specifically protecting citizens information privacy rights regarding electronic media, with the FourthShow MoreRelatedPrivacy Risks in the Digital Age1271 Words   |  6 PagesPrivacy in Digital Age The Risk of Digital Age Indeed, the Digital age has been considered as one of the greatest development of the world today. It has brought different benefits to the lives of people and catered all their needs and wants. As the world gets into crave for things that are â€Å"quick and easy†, the Digital Age had posed threat to people’s privacy and security (Meeks, 2000). The advancement in new technologies and gadgets should not only be considered as something good that came intoRead MoreIs Personal Privacy At Risk From Social Media?1624 Words   |  7 PagesIs personal privacy at risk due to social media? Since the creation of the first social media site in the late 1990s, over 2 billion people around the world use social media every day. Over the past decade personal and professional life have gradually become overwhelmed with social media, such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter. What all these sites have in common is that they enable people to share, communicate, connect, and build careers while enjoying their social lives. In this world, people haveRead MorePrivacy Of The Digital Age Essay1082 Words   |  5 Pages100328915 Blair Hemstock Eng. 1100 November 24, 2016 Privacy in Digital Age The digital age provides individuals with numerous ways of innovative opportunities like recording data in an effective manner, electronic banking, online shopping, by violating privacy. Despite what might be expected, the national and global security framework needs components to check programmers and outsider interceptors, who can access delicate data and information, placed in various divisions of the financial frameworkRead MorePublic or Private?798 Words   |  3 Pagessociety, people are losing sight of how important privacy truly is. We, as Americans, may seem concerned about our privacy, but this â€Å"concern† does not stop us from acquiring the latest and greatest technology. Designers are building technology with no consideration of the security and privacy of their consumers. People are purchasing these new iPhones with fingerprint recognition and downloading different apps everyday with the thought of privacy and security in the back of their minds. Cell phonesR ead MoreA Brief Note On The Problem Of Privacy1385 Words   |  6 PagesApril 24, 2016 English 103 Prof. Goldman Research Paper The problem regarding privacy is one of the foremost discussed topics in today’s society where everyone has an abundant flow of information. Digitalized personal data and record of daily life can be spread through the internet very easily; thus, it made means of protecting that information more important than any time in the past, changing today’s perception about privacy from the past. Furthermore, spread in use of smart phones advanced the internetRead MoreChildren’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998800 Words   |  4 PagesChildren’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 â€Å"This legislation grew out of the fact that by 1998 roughly ten million American children had access to the Internet, and at the same time, studies indicated that children were unable to understand the potential effect of revealing their personal information online and parent failed to monitor their children’s use of the Internet.† (Koby) Due to the technology available today children of all ages have access to the internet. In the 1960’s theRead MoreA Breach Of Childrens Online Privacy1715 Words   |  7 Pages A Breach of Children’s Online Privacy: Examining the Fourth Amendment and a Right to Privacy Regarding Mobile Apps Ina Salvaleon Berry College Citation Style: APA â€Æ' A Breach of Children’s Online Privacy: Examining the Fourth Amendment and a Right to Privacy Regarding Mobile Apps Children are more likely to be found on a technological device that can access the Internet than outside being physically active. While in many cases, they are knowledgeable online users, children are stillRead MoreShould Privacy Be Privacy? Essay751 Words   |  4 PagesIs it possible to have privacy in this day in age? Is somebody watching every move we make? These questions have been running through my mind ever since I got my iPhone. It’s terrifying to believe that someone could be watching me all the time. Although this isn’t on my mind every second of the day, it is something major to think about. Unfortunately this is an issue that we deal with today. Whenever we expose ourselves to the public, ninety percent of the time we are being watched. I do understandRead MoreNegative Effects Of Social Media811 Words   |  4 Pagesmost influential activities for young Americans and the Americans as a whole. According to the statistic from â€Å"Use of Social Media by US Adults According to Age Group, 2016,† 86 percents of adult Americans use the Internet such as Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Pinterest, and Twitter. This statistic shows that most of the people, including all ages, in the United States have access to some kind of social media. The reason that makes it so popular is that it allows the users to connect and communicateRead MoreThe Right to Privacy1152 Words   |  5 Pages Personal interest in the right to privacy has intensified in recent years along with the rapid development of new technologies. A century later, these concerns remain, but many others have joined them. Advances in information and communications technology have increased our ability to collect, store and transmit data about individuals. While these advances could be considered useful, some see them as a situation where anyone can watch and record the actions of every individual, and where the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Epidemic Of Obesity And Diabetes Essay - 1432 Words

tually zero.’ That’s a reasonable estimate of the probability that public health authorities in the foreseeable future will successfully curb the worldwide epidemics of obesity and diabetes, at least according to Margaret Chan, the director general of the World Health Organization (WHO) – a person who should know. Virtually zero is the likelihood, Chan said at the National Academy of Medicine’s annual meeting in October, that she and her many colleagues worldwide will successfully prevent ‘a bad situation’ from ‘getting much worse’. That Chan also described these epidemics as a ‘slow-motion disaster’ suggests the critical nature of the problem: ‘population-wide’ explosions in the prevalence of obesity along with increases in the occurrence of diabetes that frankly strain the imagination: a disease that leads to blindness, kidney failure, amputation, heart disease and premature death, and that was virtuall y non-existent in hospital inpatient records from the mid-19th century, now afflicts one in 11 Americans; in some populations, as many as one in two adults are diabetic. In the midst of such a public health crisis, the obvious question to ask is why. Many reasons can be imagined for any public health failure, but we have no precedents for a failure of this magnitude. As such, the simplest explanation is that we’re not targeting the right agent of disease; that our understanding of the aetiology of both obesity and diabetes is somehow flawed, perhaps tragically so.Show MoreRelatedDiabetes And Obesity A World Wide Epidemic Essay1216 Words   |  5 PagesDiabesity - Diabetes and Obesity a World Wide Epidemic Diabetes and obesity have become a worldwide epidemic affecting over 370 million people. These diseases have become known as Diabesity the combination of diabetes and obesity because between 80 and 90 percent of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes – the most common form of diabetes, are also diagnosed as being obese. The rise of Type 2 diabetes and obesity can be linked to the modern advances and conveniences that we all have grown to knowRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Diabetes833 Words   |  4 Pagesthe past several years, obesity has become a serious health concern in all around the world, Including the United States; overweight is at least partly responsible for the dramatic increase in diagnoses of type two diabetes (on-set diabetes) among children and adults. Diabesity is the label for diabetes occurring in the context of obesity (McNaughton 71 ). In Diabesity and the stigmatization of lifestyle in Australia we diagnose the correlation between obesity and diabetes; whether one of them isRead MoreThe Ideal Healthcare Delivery For Developing Countries On Proper Nutrition And Food Consumption Rates1121 Words   |  5 PagesDiabetes follows behind inactivity and obesity, both of which have increased during China’s economic boom. The nation has accepted the fact that we will have a high rise and development of cases of Diabetes in this century. Did you know that 20 million people have the disease, and that number is expected to double by 2025 (â€Å"Search Publications†)? A highly important control group in this disease is simply educating the countries on proper nutrition and food consumption rates. Another factor thatRead MoreHigh Fructose Corn Syrup : The Diabetic and Obesity Dangers Essay1280 Words   |  6 PagesHigh Fructose Corn Syrup: The Diabetic and Obesity Dangers Abstract: The use of high fructose corn syrup as a sweetener in various food and drink products has drastically affected the American people in the last three decades. Dominating 55% of the sweetener market because of its industrial benefits, HFCS’s increased use has caused dramatic effects in its consumers, including upsetting normal hormonal functions, destroying vital organs, nerves, and throwing off the body’s mineral balance. As theRead MoreObesity : A Serious Health Condition1452 Words   |  6 PagesObesity is a serious health condition that, if left untreated, causes serious health conditions. Contrary to popular belief, obesity is more than a condition caused by overeating and lack of exercise (Vallor 2013). Obesity is a disease (Callahan 2013); a disease that Americans are spending about $150 billion on annually (Zamosky 2013). Additionally, changing a person’s diet and exercise regimen may not be effective in some cases of obesity (Vallor 2013). O besity is not like most well-known diseases;Read MoreEquity Theory and Childhood Obesity1429 Words   |  6 Pages, Weihrich, H. (2008). Essentials of Management. New York: McGraw Hill. Montana, P., Charnov, B. (2008). Management. Hauppauge, NY: Barrons Educational Services. Part 2 Childhood Obesity Literature Review One of the more serious issues affecting the developed world today is the issue of obesity and the link between being overweight and disease. We are literally besieged by advertisements about our health on one hand telling us to eat more, eat late, and eat fast food on the other handRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography: Obesity828 Words   |  3 PagesHills, A.,, eds. (2007). Children, Obesity Exercise. New York: Routledge. Americas children are not getting enough exercise, and the health risks due to obesity are becoming epidemic in nature. Even First Lady Michelle Obama is supporting an initiative to help children become more active and to provide for exercise (at least 30-60 minutes per day) in all schools. Even limited amounts of exercise can have great health benefits. When humans exercise, the brain produces chemicals that helpRead MoreAn Analysis Of Brandon Knowlen s Campaign Advertisement Sequence, Obesity Is Suicide, For The Northern Bariatric Surgery924 Words   |  4 PagesCan Kill Us All. A Rhetorical Analysis of Brandon Knowlen’s Campaign Advertisement Sequence â€Å"Obesity is Suicide† for The Northern Bariatric Surgery Institute Intro: Sausage Paragraph: According to the National Institutes of Health, â€Å"Obesity and overweight together are the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States. An estimated 300,000 deaths per year are due to the obesity epidemic.† When people become severely overweight it affects every part of their body. In this first adRead MoreObesity : Becoming A Public Concern1654 Words   |  7 Pages Executive Summary Obesity has become an epidemic in American societies that has become a public concern. According to the American Obesity Association (AOA), overweight and obesity rates are higher than ever in America’s youth. Obesity is the fastest growing cause of disease in American society today. Some of the major health concerns for today’s youth with obesity include severe asthma, Diabetes, Hypertension, orthopedic complications and sleep apnea. Researchers have come up with manyRead MoreLife Expectancy For Australia s Rising Epidemic Of Obesity1046 Words   |  5 Pagesincurable type 2 diabetes (, 2013). Australia’s biggest killer, Coronary heart disease (CHD) was responsible for 13.6% of all Australian deaths recorded in 2012 (, 2012). One catalyst for CHD and Diabetes is Australia’s rising epidemic of obesity. During this report, obesity will be covered, and why is it a current health issue in Australia, the problems associated w ith obesity, current programs in-place to tackle the rising issue and how obesity can be reduced through

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Discuss the Concerns Raised by Users Regarding to the Usefulness of Aasb 117 Essay Example For Students

Discuss the Concerns Raised by Users Regarding to the Usefulness of Aasb 117 Essay INTROUDCTION AASB 117 Leases requires lessees to classify leases as either finance leases or operating leases. The accounting treatment required under each approach is very different and this has raised concerns by investors and other financial statement users regarding the usefulness of the information provided. This essay will critically discuss and the criticisms and usefulness of lease accounting treatment. It will also examine lessee firm’s responses to Australian Standard 117 Accounting for Leases. Definition of capital and operating lease AASB 117 provides the current rules for leases. In general terms, the lessee classifies leasing transactions under one of two categories. The current state of practice requires the capitalisation of certain lease contract that meet specific criteria related to the transfer of substantially all the benefits and risks of ownership from the lessor to the lessee. If sufficient risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the lessee, the lessee records the transaction as a purchase (i. e. a capital lease); absent the transfer of sufficient risks and rewards of ownership, the lessee records the transaction as a rental (i. e. , an operating lease). Issues The existing accounting model for leases has been criticized for failing to meet the needs of users of financial statements. IASB and FASB noted a number of criticisms of the existing accounting requirements, including the following The existence of two very different accounting models for lea ses means that similar transactions can be accounted for very differently. This reduces comparability for users. Preparers and auditors have criticised the existing model for its complexity. In particular, it has proved difficult to define the dividing line between finance leases and operating leases in a principled way. Consequently, the standards use a mixture of subjective judgments and ‘bright-line’ tests that can be difficult apply The dominant issue is there are significant and growing differences between the accounting model for leases and other contractual arrangements. Whether lease should be classified as finance/capital leases or operating leases, has essential influences on other issues such as capitalisation of finance/capital leases and disclosure of operating leases by lessees. Without a clear distinction between a finance/ capital lease and an operating lease, it is unlikely that the lessee be required to capitalise the lease. This has led to inconsistent accounting for arrangements that meet the definition of a lease and similar arrangement that do not. According to AASB 117, the operating lease structure is a form of off-balance sheet accounting, which means the lease obligation is not reported as a liability on the balance sheet. Critics claims that as a result of desirability of operating lease classification, lease parties commonly structure leases in such a way to avoid capital lease accounting by a thin margin and uses it as a source of off-balance-sheet financing This is a source of unrecognised financing and it can be difficult for users to understand. Moreover, the adjustments are inconsistent and frequently understate the lease obligations. Furthermore, the lack of transparency caused by current lease classification rules and the resulting lease structuring that occurs to avoid meeting those rules creates significant problems for users in assessing the true financial condition and risk of companies. It can even affects naively calculated debt-equity ratios, the â€Å" footnote only† disclosure and further lead to financial analysts making ‘faulty decisions’. Hence, the information available to users in the notes to the financial statement is insufficient for them to make reliable adjustments to the recognised amounts. Nevertheless, certainly, not all companies intentionally structure lease arrangements as operating leases for the sole purpose of avoiding balance-sheet capitalization and the resulting negative impacts on financial ratios. Indeed, operating leasing arrangements have many economic advantages, perhaps most notably in providing companies with access to capital that might not be available through other means CONCLUSION Following the presentation of different views and the arguments, it is concluded that the theoretical backgrounds underlying lease accounting issues are far from harmonious and the debate is expected to remain. .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .postImageUrl , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:hover , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:visited , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:active { border:0!important; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:active , .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72 .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6565a606619429535ee7cca35b928b72:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: One Child Policy In China EssayThese results suggest that the FASB should reexamine the current rules-based approach to leases and adopt a more principles-based approach requiring lessees to capitalize their economic interests in all significant noncancelable leases. Such an approach would result in an accounting treatment reflecting the economic substance of the transaction, rather than driving the structure of the transaction. Users could make more meaningful comparative evaluations of companies that engage in different types of leasing contracts and better assess the risk of companies that currently structure leases specifically to avoid lease capitalization.